The 79th Printing through Cloth: 32nd Exhibition of Prints from the Tyler Graphics Archive Collection
September 14, 2019 - December 22, 2019
Thank you for understanding.
In contrast to woodblock or copperplate prints, which are created by transferring ink from the surface of a hard material to paper, in screenprints the ink is transferred by pressing it through the pores of a soft woven cloth.
Screen printing is said to trace its origin to textile stencil dyeing carried out broadly since ancient times. From the 19th to 20th centuries, it became a new printmaking and printing technique that developed in the U.S. and Europe. In screen printing, a thin cloth known as a “mesh” is stretched over a frame to serve as a screen, and parts of the cloth are blocked to prevent the ink from passing through it. Starting from the top of the screen, the ink is pressed downward using a tool called a squeegee. The ink passes through all unblocked pores and is transferred to the substrate, creating the intended image. Being relatively easier than other types of printmaking, screen printing can be carried out not only onto paper but also on a variety of materials. As such, this technique was adopted initially in commercial printing and industrial areas.
Starting in the 1960s, after photoengraving was established as a new technique that uses a photosensitive emulsion as a blocking agent, screen printing began attracting significant attention as a method for creating artistic prints. Exponents of Pop Art especially, who borrowed directly from advertisements and comics to express contemporary images, took note of the ease with which photoengraving enables an existing image to be transferred, and they began actively introducing screen printing into their production process. Meanwhile artists producing geometrically abstract “hard-edge” paintings availed of the ability, through thick applications of ink, to achieve flat and strongly textured color surfaces, and they too created numerous screenprints. From that time forward, this technique which enables the realization of inimitably clear images has captured the fancy of artists of great diversity.
This exhibition will show screenprints in CCGA’s Tyler Graphics Archive Collection that were produced by America’s leading contemporary artists at Tyler Graphics studio in New York. Also, to illustrate how screen printing has been employed in the field of commercial printing, we have simultaneously organized a small display of poster works created by Japanese graphic designers using screen printing. We hope that the occasion will give visitors a prime opportunity to gain an appreciation of the broad appeal of screen printing.
Miyata 1, Shiota, Sukagawa-shi, Fukushima 962-0711, Japan
10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. (admission until 4:45 p.m.)
Adults 300 Yen, students 200 Yen.
Free for young children (through elementary school), senior citizens (65 and over) and the handicapped.
DNP Foundation for Cultural Promotion and Center for Contemporary Graphic Art